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  • Sustainable Waste Management in Bangladesh
    December, 2010 By Sowmya Suryanarayanan

    The rising urban population has been changing the nature of solid waste management in Bangladesh from mainly a localised issue to a more distinct and persistent social problem.  Despite the growing extent of this problem, the sector continues to remain one of the most disorganised areas of urban development in Bangladesh. An estimated 47000 tons of solid waste per day will be generated in urban areas by 2025, which is almost three and half times more than the current generation. Effective solid waste management has the potential not only to reduce the amount of waste generated in the country but also create employment opportunities for the urban poor. 

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  • Changing Choices
    November, 2010 By Ilmas Futehally

    Choices change. That is definitely a given. However the direction of change is often not easy to predict. While a number of predictions do exist about the future trends in technology, computing speeds and genetic engineering, there are fewer on the more human aspects of consciousness, ethics and aspirations.  Before looking at the future, it is worthwhile to look at the past and see what kinds of predictions were made for the present day.

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  • Conditional Cash Transfer: An Emerging Trend in Developing Countries
    November, 2010 By Shivangi Muttoo

    In recent years, Conditional Cash Transfer programs (CCTs) have emerged as a popular policy trend in developing countries. The programme intends to provide cash subsidies to poor households on the condition that they fulfil specific requirements such as minimum attendance at school, periodic health check-ups and participation in immunization programmes. The logic behind the programme is that the provision of financial incentives will encourage poor families to fully use social services such as health and education. CCTs break the vicious cycle of intergenerational poverty and unlike traditional anti-poverty programmes, are more effective in addressing a broad range of challenges among the people living in the periphery. 

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  • Innovations & Food Security in Bangladesh
    November, 2010 By Sowmya Suryanarayanan

    Over the years, Bangladesh has addressed some of the challenges it faces in sustaining food security. With the area under cultivation being stagnant, introduction of high yielding varieties of rice boosted food production in the country. Along with this, efficient irrigation technologies tackled the problem of scarce freshwater resources. Bangladesh however, is likely to face extreme climatic variations in the future that will severely affect food production in the country. Innovations in rice production will play a major role in helping farmers adapt to extreme conditions and secure livelihoods in the coming years.

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  • The Old Democracy
    November, 2010 By Ambika Vishwanath

    Turkey, and Istanbul in particular, has always been hailed as a confluence of the East and West – where Europe meets Asia over the Bosphoros; where French style bistros and cafes line the streets and share a comfortable space with age old Ottoman mosques; where culture and daily life have evolved into a unique blend of tradition and modernity. On a recent visit to Turkey this idea was reinforced in many ways, and I realized that as unique as this blend is, it is not an entirely new concept or purely a product of Attaturk’s vision.

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  • Seat at the High Table
    November, 2010 By Sanaa Arora

    The recently concluded UN Security Council elections for the 2011-2012 term saw India returning to the “High Table” after a gap of 19 years. India’s victory was expected as it was the sole candidate for the Asian seat, after Kazakhstan withdrew earlier this year. However the margin by which it won has made domestic audience in India ecstatic. India received support from 187 out of 192 countries, an impressive victory which is being touted as a record win in recent years. India’s success is particularly sweet after the embarrassing loss it suffered in 1996 when it received only 40 votes and lost to Japan. The comfortable entry into the Council this time around has been hailed as a diplomatic success. 

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  • Recognizing Israel as a Jewish democratic state: Religious politics in the Middle East
    November, 2010 By Gitanjali Bakshi

    Recognition of Israel as a Jewish state has become the most recent obstacle to the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian peace process. After weeks of negotiations about an extension on a settlement freeze in the West Bank, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu made an offer: a two month extension freeze in return for open recognition from the Palestinian Authority that Israel is a Jewish democratic state.  

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  • 1001 Inventions
    October, 2010 By Ilmas Futehally

    On a recent visit to Istanbul, I noticed a new structure in the historic Sultanahmet area where the Ayasofya, the Sultan Ahmet (Blue Mosque), the Hippodrome and several other imposing monuments are located. Some of these trace their history back to the 3rd century BC.  The new structure housed the 1001 Inventions exhibition that traces the forgotten story of a thousand years of science from the Muslim world from the 7th century onwards, and how it was impacted by discoveries from other civilizations- the Indian, Persian, Greek and Chinese.

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